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        您的位置:首頁>分析報告
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        2021年5月船舶拍賣市場評述
        2021-06-08 10:58:17  來源:浙江船舶交易市場  瀏覽次數:247  文字:【大】 【中】 【小】

        2021年5月船舶拍賣市場評述

        5月,受季節性需求影響,大宗散貨價格普遍看漲。煤炭供應整體偏緊,電廠當前庫存普遍未達到安全線水平,為穩定煤炭價格,部分地區出臺政策,落實旺季來臨前保持最低庫存狀態,但下游需求依舊旺盛,優質煤供不應求,貿易商惜售,煤價高位運行。運輸市場方面,煤炭、鐵礦石供應緊張,船舶運力偏緊,船東信心較足,運價仍保持在較高水平。本月船舶拍賣量較上月有所增加,雖然起拍價不及上月,但成交額保持增長??傮w來看,中國船舶拍賣市場累計拍賣60艘次,成交38艘次,成交率63.3%,起拍價累計約44701萬人民幣,成交額累計40021萬人民幣,拍賣艘次和成交額均保持增長。

        一、市場走勢尚不明朗,沿海運價高位波動

        本月運輸市場行情先揚后抑,但運價仍高位波動,二手干散貨船熱度依舊。根據拍船網(www.shipbid.net)統計數據,5月,中國船舶拍賣市場累計拍賣60艘次,環比增加12艘次,同比增加19艘次。其中,干散貨類船舶拍賣11艘次,環比減少1艘次,液貨類船舶拍賣8艘次,環比增加3艘次。成交率方面,本月累計成交38艘次,環比增加9艘次,成交率為63.3%,成交率環比有所上升。

        拍賣成交金額繼續小幅增長。5月,中國船舶拍賣市場起拍價累計約44701萬人民幣,環比減少22506萬人民幣,同比增加7844萬人民幣;成交額累計40021萬人民幣,環比增加3676萬人民幣,同比增加27288萬人民幣。

         

        圖1 中國船舶拍賣市場拍賣艘次情況

         

        圖2 中國船舶拍賣市場拍賣金額情況

        二、煤價平衡點高于往年同期,干散貨市場熱度依舊偏高

        由于國內煤炭價格持續快速上漲,引起國家有關部門的高度重視。國務院常務會議上罕見地連續兩次提到,要積極應對煤炭等大宗商品價格過快上漲帶來的不利影響,會議更是提出加強雙向調控、加強市場監管、合理引導市場預期等具體措施。煤炭、鐵礦石、鋼材等大宗散貨價格大幅調整,但總體價格仍高于去年同期。下階段,下游需求較大,未來一段時間內大宗散貨價格仍有較強支撐。

        司法拍賣方面,本月拍賣船舶34艘次,成23艘次,起拍價總額8913萬元,成交總額7778萬元;商業拍賣方面,本月拍賣船舶26艘次,成交15艘次,起拍價總額35787萬元,成交總額32242萬元。本月司法拍賣船舶噸位總體偏小,商業拍賣成交額仍保持小幅增長。

        重點船舶拍賣情況,干散貨船舶方面,“華融2”5.64萬噸散貨船以12000萬人民幣成交,“TIGER SHANDONG”18萬噸散貨船以2331萬美元成交,“新一海7”5095噸散貨船以1106萬人民幣成交。油運船舶方面,“神州3551”和神州3552”內河液貨船分別以2512萬人民幣和2369萬人民幣成交。其他船型方面,工程船船舶本月成交較少,僅成交1艘挖泥船,漁業用船本月成交5艘次。


        「拍賣成交船舶案例」

        干散貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載貨噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        華融2

        無限

        56439

        2013

        浙江

        8800

        12000

        131

        2

        TIGER SHANDONG

        無限

        180091.3

        2011

        山東

        $2100

        $2331

        38

        3

        新一海7

        近海

        5095

        2009

        安徽

        1020

        1106

        38

        液貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載貨噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        神州3551

        內河

        5615

        2014

        重慶

        1497

        2512

        97

        集裝箱及多用途船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載貨噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        聯合16

        近海

        5084

        2005

        浙江

        543.2

        860

        33

        「拍賣船舶預告」

        干散類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載貨噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        盛嘉禾1

        沿海

        22009

        2010

        浙江

        2600

        漁業用船

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載貨噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        魯威漁加60888

        近海

        -

        2015

        江蘇

        10265

         

        Monthly Analysis of Ship Auction Market in China

        May 2021

        In May, affected by seasonal demand, commodity prices are generally bullish. The overall supply of coal is tight, while the current inventory of power plants fails to reach the safe level. In order to stabilize coal prices, some regions have introduced policies to maintain a minimum inventory of coal before the peak season. However, downstream demand is still strong, and the demand of high-quality coal exceeds supply which makes the traders reluctant to sell and the coal price high. In the transportation market, the tight supply of coal and iron ore, coupled with shortage of tonnage, shipowners feel confident that the freight rate would remain high. There are more ship auction projects in May than last month, with a total of 60 auctions and 38 transactions, with a transaction rate of 63.3%. The total starting price was about 447.01m, while the total transaction price was 400.21m, both increasing in numbers and transaction price.

        The market trend is still uncertain, while the costal freight rates fluctuate at a high level.

        Domestic trade market begins to drop after days of increasing, however the freight rates fluctuating at high level, and the bulk carriers are still popular in second-hand exchange market. According to data from www.shipbid.net1, the total ship auctions of May are 60, which increase 12 MOM and 19 YOY. Among them, the bulk carrier auctions are 11, which decrease 1 MOM. The chemical & tanker auctions are 8, which increase 3 MOM. In terms of transaction, there are 38 ships sold, which increase 9 MOM, with transaction rate of 63.3%, slight increasing from last month.

        In May, the price of ship auction continues to rise. The total starting price is approximately 447.01m, which decreases 225.06m MOM but increases 78.44m YOY. The total transaction price is 400.21m, which increases 36.76m MOM and 272.88m YOY.

         

        Chart1 Total of Ship Auctions in China

         

        Chart2 Total Price of Ship Auction in China

        The balance point of coal price is higher than the same period in previous years, and the dry bulk market remains hot.

        The continuous and sharply rise of domestic coal prices has been concerned by relevant state departments. The State Councils executive meeting mentions twice in a row that it is necessary to take action to the excessively rapid rise in the prices of commodities such as coal. The meeting has proposed specific measures such as two-way regulation, market supervision and guidance of market expectations. The price of bulk commodities such as coal, iron ore and steel has adjusted substantially, but the overall prices are still higher than last year. In the following days, the downstream demand remains strong, the commodity prices still have a strong support.

        In terms of judicial auction, there are 34 ships auctioned in May, of which 23 are sold. The total starting price is 89.13m, and the total transaction price is 77.78m. In terms of commercial auctions, there are 26 ships auctioned, of which 15 are sold. The total starting price is 357.87m, the total transaction price is 322.42m. The ship tonnage of judicial auction is generally small in May, while the transaction price of commercial auction continues to increase slightly.

        Followed are some specific auctions. In terms of bulk carrier, the 56,400DWT bulk carrier HUARONG 2 is sold at 120.00m. The 180,000DWT bulk carrier TIGER SHANDONG is sold at $23.31m. The 5,095DWT bulk carrier XINYIHAI 7 is sold at 11.06m. In terms of tanker, the inland tanker "SHENZHOU 3551" is sold at 25.12m and "SHENZHOU 3552"is sold at 23.69m. In terms of other ships,there is only 1 dredger and 5 fishery ships sold.


        Samples of Ship Auctions

        Bulk Carriers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        HUARONG 2

        Unrestricted navigation

        56439

        2013

        ZheJiang

        88M

        120M

        131

        2

        TIGER SHANDONG

        Unrestricted navigation

        180091.3

        2011

        ShanDong

        $21M

        $23.31M

        38

        3

        XINYIHAI 7

        Coastal

        5095

        2009

        AnHui

        10.2M

        11.06M

        38

        Chemicals & Tankers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        SHENZHOU 3551

        Inland river

        5615

        2014

        ChongQing

        14.97M

        25.12M

        97

        Multi-purpose Vessels

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        LIANHE 16

        Coastal

        5084

        2005

        ZheJiang

        5.432M

        8.6M

        33

        Preview of Ship Auctions

        Bulk Carriers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        SHENGJIAHE 1

        Coastal

        22009

        2010

        ZheJiang

        26M

        Fishing Boats

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        LUWEIYUJIA 60888

        Coastal

        -

        2015

        JiangSu

        102.65M

         

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