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        2021年2月船舶拍賣市場評述
        2021-03-08 08:54:41  來源:浙江船舶交易市場  瀏覽次數:703  文字:【大】 【中】 【小】

        2021年2月船舶拍賣市場評述

        2月,正值農歷傳統春節,春節長假期間,各大工廠停工,工業用電降至年內低點,同時民用電表現也較為疲軟,多數電廠低負荷運行,由于運輸需求下滑,運價較年前有較大幅度回調。2月末,沿海運輸市場恢復節奏加快,電廠補庫需求增加,加上國際運輸熱潮來襲,部分內外貿兼營船舶流入海外市場,沿海運價步入上行通道。本月上半月春節長假期間拍賣項目較少,下半月有所增加,總體來看,中國船舶拍賣市場累計拍賣50艘次,成交28艘次,成交率56%,起拍價累計約17071萬人民幣,成交額累計9690萬人民幣,船舶拍賣市場總量環比小幅下滑,但同比增幅較大。

        一、沿海運價開始回升,年后船舶拍賣市場穩中有升

        受春節長假影響,沿海運輸市場熱度先降后升,運價經歷小幅下跌后企穩回升。根據拍船網(www.shipbid.net)統計數據,2月,中國船舶拍賣市場累計拍賣50艘次,環比減少2艘次,同比增加22艘次。其中,干散貨類船舶拍賣11艘次,環比減少4艘次,液貨類船舶拍賣5艘次,環比增加1艘次。成交率方面,本月累計成交28艘次,環比增加9艘次,成交率為56%,成交率環比有所上升。

        拍賣成交金額環比有所下降,但同比有較大增長。2月,中國船舶拍賣市場起拍價累計約17071萬人民幣,環比減少5876萬人民幣,同比減少1073萬人民幣;成交額累計9690萬人民幣,環比減少3887萬人民幣,同比增加6278萬人民幣。

         

        圖1 中國船舶拍賣市場拍賣艘次情況

         

        圖2 中國船舶拍賣市場拍賣金額情況

        二、干散貨運輸市場先抑后揚,液貨運輸市場企穩

        春節期間,工業運輸需求明顯減弱,干散貨運輸市場經歷一波下跌后,在2月底開始逐步回升,液貨運輸市場受春節長假出行需求上升影響,總體表現企穩。國際國內航線運價上漲,船東信心增加,干散貨船舶需求依舊偏高。

        司法拍賣方面,本月拍賣船舶33艘次,成交20艘次,起拍價總額4628萬元,成交總額2989萬元;商業拍賣方面,本月拍賣船舶17艘次,成交8艘次,起拍價總額12442萬元,成交總額6701萬元。本月司法拍賣項目環比明顯減少,商業拍賣方面,雖然拍賣艘次不及司法拍賣,但成交額環比、同比均大幅增長。

        重點船舶拍賣情況,干散貨船舶方面,“ZHONGYU 89”5.5萬噸國際散貨船以698萬美元成交。油運船舶方面,本月油運船舶成交較少,多為小型油船成交。其他船型方面,工程類船舶熱度依舊較高,本月成交11艘次,多為采砂船以及挖泥船,漁業用船成交5艘次,客滾類船舶成交3艘次。


        「拍賣成交船舶案例」

        干散貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        ZHONGYU 89

        無限

        55000

        2010

        江蘇

        $698

        $698

        1

        工程類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重量

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        華興16

        沿海

        2450

        2015

        江蘇

        780

        780

        1

        漁業用船

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重量

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        粵陽西漁31501

        沿海

        -

        2011

        福建

        168

        194.4

        26

        「拍賣船舶預告」

        干散類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        華融5

        無限

        52713

        2012

        浙江

        7660

        2

        新海洲29

        沿海

        22285

        2009

        浙江

        3835

        多用途船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        金富星11

        近海

        7864

        2004

        浙江

        1350

        2

        銘佳1301

        內河

        8000

        2016

        重慶

        1500

        液貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        SOUTHERNPEC 9

        無限

        5482.6

        2011

        浙江

        $260

         

        Monthly Analysis of Ship Auction Market in China

        February 2021

        During the long holiday of the traditional Chinese New Year in February, lots of major factories close, and industrial power consumption fall to the lowest point of the year. At the same time, the residential electricity is relatively weak and most of the power plants operate under low load. Due to the decline in transport demand, the freight rate has dropped significantly compared with the time before the holiday. At the end of February, the recovery speed of the coastal transportation market accelerates, and the demand for replenishment of power plants increases. Meanwhile, with the demand of international transportation booming, some ships operating both domestic and foreign trade turn into the overseas market, the freight rate of coastal market is now in an upward channel. In the first half of February, we can see fewer auction objects because of the holiday, but there is an increase in the rest time. Overall, the ship auction market in China has seen a total of 50 auctions and 28 transactions, with a transaction rate of 56%. The total starting price was about 170.71m, while the total transaction price was 96.90m. The total of the ship auction market declines slightly from the previous month, but increases relatively year-on-year .


        The coastal freight rate begins to rise, meanwhile the ship auction market rises steadily after the holiday.

        Affected by the holiday, after a slight drop, the heat of the coastal transport market is now in the upward channel, so as the freight rates. According to data from www.shipbid.net1, the total ship auctions of February are 50, which decrease 2 MOM but increase 22 YOY. Among them, the bulk carrier auctions are 11, which decrease 4 MOM. The chemical & tanker auctions are 5, which increase 1 MOM. In terms of transaction, there are 28 ships traded, which increase 9 MOM, with transaction rate of 56%, increasing slightly MOM.

        In February, the price of ship auction has slightly decreased from last month, but rose significantly YOY. The total starting price is approximately ¥170.71m, which decreases ¥58.76m MOM and ¥10.73m YOY. The total transaction price is ¥96.90m, which decreases ¥38.87m MOM but increases ¥62.78m YOY.

         

        Chart1 Total of Ship Auctions in China

         

        Chart2 Total Price of Ship Auction in China

        Bulk cargo transportation market has been pessimistic for some time and then boost, while liquid cargo transportation market stabilized.

        During the holiday, the demand for industrial transportation has significantly weakened. After a transient decline, the bulk transportation market begins to gradually rebound at the end of February. The liquid cargo transportation market is driven by the travel demand during the holiday. The performance of overall market maintains stabilized. Freight rates on foreign and domestic routes have risen which lights up the shipowners’  confidence , and demand for bulk carriers remains high.

        In terms of judicial auction, there are 33 ships auctioned in February, of which 20 ships are sold. The total starting price is 46.28m, and the total transaction price is ¥29.89m. In terms of commercial auctions, there are 17 ships auctioned, of which 8 ships are sold. The total starting price is ¥124.42m, the total transaction price is ¥67.01m. Judicial auctions have decreased significantly this month. As for commercial auctions, although the number of it is lower than that of judicial auctions, the transaction price has increased both MOM and YOY.

        Followed are some specific auctions. In terms of bulk carriers, the 55,000 DWT foreign registered bulk carrier ZHONGYU 89 is sold at $6.98m. In terms of tankers, there are few transactions of tankers, mostly small tankers. In terms of other ships, engineering ships are still very popular. There are 11 engineering ships sold, mostly sand dredger and general dredgers. Besides, there are 5 fishery ships and 3 ro-ro passenger ships sold.


        Samples of Ship Auctions

        Bulk Carriers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        ZHONGYU 89

        Unrestricted navigation

        55000

        2010

        JiangSu

        $6.98M

        $6.98M

        1

        Engineering Ships

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        HUAXING 16

        Coastal

        2450

        2015

        JiangSu

        7.8M

        7.8M

        1

        Fishing Boats

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        YUEYANGXIYU 31501

        Coastal

        -

        2011

        FuJian

        1.68M

        1.944M

        26

        Preview of Ship Auctions

        Bulk Carriers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        HUARONG 5

        Unrestricted navigation

        52713

        2012

        ZheJiang

        76.6M

        2

        XINHAIZHOU 29

        Coastal

        22285

        2009

        ZheJiang

        38.35M

        Multi-purpose Vessels

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        JINFUXING 11

        Coastal

        7864

        2004

        ZheJiang

        13.5M

        2

        MINGJIA 1301

        Inland river

        8000

        2016

        ChongQing

        15M

        Chemicals & Tankers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        SOUTHERNPEC 9

        Unrestricted navigation

        5482.6

        2011

        ZheJiang

        $2.6M

         


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