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        您的位置:首頁>分析報告
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        2021年1月船舶拍賣市場評述
        2021-02-07 11:20:04  來源:浙江船舶交易市場  瀏覽次數:1170  文字:【大】 【中】 【小】

        2021年1月船舶拍賣市場評述

        1月,農歷春節臨近,傳統“春節”效應逐步顯現,戶外建工企業停工數量增加,部分工廠、服務業開始陸續放假,工業用電高負荷狀態有所緩解,電廠庫存消耗放緩,煤炭現貨價格出現回調,疊加局部地區疫情影響,大宗商品需求有所減弱,運價開始下跌,沿海煤炭運價已從月初的高位跌至保本線。船舶拍賣市場隨著運輸市場行情走弱,春節前夕拍賣項目減少。本月中國船舶拍賣市場累計拍賣52艘次,成交19艘次,成交率36.5%,起拍價累計約22947萬人民幣,成交額累計13578萬人民幣,年初各項拍賣數據有所回落。

        一、沿海運價回調,船舶拍賣市場有所降溫

        沿海運輸市場貨盤成交逐步減弱,運力供大于求現象明顯,運價進入下行通道。根據拍船網(www.shipbid.net)統計數據,1月,中國船舶拍賣市場累計拍賣52艘次,環比減少42艘次,同比增加16艘次。其中,干散貨類船舶拍賣15艘次,環比減少19艘次,液貨類船舶拍賣4艘次,環比減少1艘次。成交率方面,本月累計成交19艘次,環比減少35艘次,成交率為36.5%,成交率環比有所下滑。

        拍賣金額環比有所下降。1月,中國船舶拍賣市場起拍價累計約22947萬人民幣,環比減少8130萬人民幣,同比增加4637萬人民幣;成交額累計13578萬人民幣,環比減少13236萬人民幣,同比增加2687萬人民幣。

         

        圖1 中國船舶拍賣市場拍賣艘次情況

         

        圖2 中國船舶拍賣市場拍賣金額情況

        二、中國傳統春節臨近,沿海各類船型需求減弱

        煤炭市場逐步降溫,鋼材市場窄幅震蕩,現貨市場成交停滯,由于原材料成本較高,鋼廠減產數量增多,下游需求表現不佳,運輸市場降溫,船東觀望情緒加重。本月鮮有大型船舶成交,“明州20”散貨船以3550萬元成交,“海之星998”油船以6502.2萬元成交,前期較為火爆的挖泥船、甲板貨船拍賣項目減少,但本月采砂船、自卸砂船成交相對較多,且溢價率較高,“粵廣海貨9897”自卸砂船以117.4萬元成交,溢價率45.8%,“順洋3366”自卸砂船以391萬元成交,溢價率255.5%。

        司法拍賣方面,本月拍賣船舶39艘次,成交16艘次,起拍價總額10571萬元,成交總額9544萬元;商業拍賣方面,本月拍賣船舶13艘次,成交3艘次,起拍價總額12377萬元,成交總額4033萬元。本月司法拍賣和商業拍賣項目均不及上月,春節前夕上拍項目減少。

        重點船舶拍賣情況,干散貨船舶方面,“明州20”6.5萬載重噸散貨船以3550萬元成交,溢價率69.7%。油運船舶方面,“海之星998”萬噸級油船以6502.2萬元成交。其他船型方面,工程類船舶成交4艘次,客滾類船舶成交1艘次,漁業用船成交6艘次。


        「拍賣成交船舶案例」

        干散貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        明州20

        -

        64827

        1988

        韓國

        2092

        3550

        17

        液貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        海之星998

        近海

        10500

        2013

        浙江

        3482.2

        6502.2

        277

        工程類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重量

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        順洋3366

        內河

        -

        2005

        廣東

        110

        391

        117

        「拍賣船舶預告」

        干散類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        ZHONGYU 89

        無限

        55000

        2010

        江蘇

        $698

        2

        老船長7

        近海

        16361

        2009

        江蘇

        908.8

        液貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        乾坤化001

        內河

        1500

        2009

        江蘇

        335

        2

        乾坤化002

        內河

        1500

        2009

        江蘇

        346

         

        Monthly Analysis of Ship Auction Market

        January 2021

        In January, the Spring Festival of China is approaching which brings impact on all walks of life. The outdoor construction companies, factories and service industries continue to close which has eased the high load of industrial power consumption. With power plant inventory consumption slow down, and coal spot price fall, the demand for bulk commodities has weakened together with the freight rate falls. With the impact of the epidemic in some areas, the coastal coal freight rate has fallen from the high level at the beginning of January to the break-even price. The ship auction market is getting slow with less objects for the quiet shipping market before the festival . This month, the ship auction market in China has seen a total of 52 auctions and 19 transactions, with a transaction rate of 36.5%. The total starting price was about 229.47m, while the total transaction price was 135.78m, with all data declined from the beginning of year 2021.

        The coastal freight rate falls, while the ship auction market has been slow down.

        New requirement of coastal transport market has gradually weakened, while the supply of capacity has clearly exceeded demand which make the freight rates in the downward channel. According to data from www.shipbid.net1, the total ship auctions of January are 52, which decrease 42 MOM but increase 16 YOY. Among them, the bulk carrier auctions are 15, which decrease 19 MOM. The chemical & tanker auctions are 4, which decrease 1 MOM. In terms of transaction, there are 19 ships traded, which decrease 35 MOM, with transaction rate of 36.5%, decreasing slightly MOM.

        In January, the price of ship auction has slightly decreased from last month. The total starting price is approximately 229.47m, which decreases 81.30m MOM but increases 46.37m YOY. The total transaction price is 135.78m, which decreases 132.36m MOM but increases 26.87m YOY.

         

        Chart1 Total of Ship Auctions in China

         

        Chart2 Total Price of Ship Auction in China

        With the Spring Festival approaching, the demand for various types of coastal ships is weakening.

        The spot market has stagnated with coal market gradually cooled down and the steel market fluctuated within a narrow range. Due to the high price of raw materials, there are more steel mills reducing production which make the downstream demand negative. For the transportation market cooling down, the wait-and-see sentiment of shipowners is increasing. This month has seen few transactions of large scale ship auctions. The bulk carrier MINGZHOU 20 is sold at 35.50m, and the tanker HAIZHIXING 998 is sold at 65.022m. The auction objects of dredger and deck cargo ship which used to be relatively popular have now decreased. In January, the transaction of sand dredgers and self-unloading sand carriers was relatively good with high premium rate. The self-unloading sand carriers YUEGUANGHAIHUO 9897 is sold at 1.174m, with premium rate of 45.8%. The self-unloading sand carriers SHUNYANG 3366 is sold at 3.91m, with premium rate of 255.5%.

        In terms of judicial auction, there are 39 ships auctioned in January, of which 16 ships are sold. The total starting price is 105.71m, and the total transaction price is 95.44m. In terms of commercial auctions, there are 13 ships auctioned, of which 3 ships are sold. The total starting price is 123.77m, the total transaction price is 40.33m. Both judicial auctions and commercial auctions are less than last month, and there are fewer auctions before the Spring Festival.

        Followed are some specific auctions. In terms of bulk carriers, the 65,000DWT bulk carrier MINGZHOU 20 is sold at 35.50m, with premium rate of 69.7%. In terms of tankers, the “HAIZHIXING 998 is sold at 65.022m. In terms of other ships, there are 4 engineering ships, 1 passenger ship and 6 fishing ships traded in January.

         


        Samples of Ship Auctions

        Bulk Carriers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        MINGZHOU 20

        -

        64827

        1988

        Korea

        20.92M

        35.5M

        17

        Chemicals & Tankers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        HAIZHIXING 998

        Coastal

        10500

        2013

        ZheJiang

        34.82M

        65.02M

        277

        Engineering Ships

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        SHUNYANG 3366

        Inland river

        -

        2005

        GuangDong

        1.1M

        3.91M

        117

        Preview of Ship Auctions

        Bulk Carriers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        ZHONGYU 89

        Unrestricted navigation

        55000

        2010

        JiangSu

        $6.98M

        2

        LAOCHUANZHANG 7

        Coastal

        16361

        2009

        JiangSu

        9.088M

        Chemicals & Tankers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        QIANKUNHUA 001

        Inland river

        1500

        2009

        JiangSu

        3.35M

        2

        QIANKUNHUA 002

        Inland river

        1500

        2009

        JiangSu

        3.46M

         


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