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        您的位置:首頁>分析報告
        分析報告
        2020年12月船舶拍賣市場評述
        2021-01-14 14:52:40  來源:浙江船舶交易市場  瀏覽次數:612  文字:【大】 【中】 【小】

        202012月船舶拍賣市場評述

        12月,臨近年末,部分基建項目進入最后的沖刺,工業用電量增長,加上東南沿海氣溫驟降,民用電快速增加,國內煤炭供應緊張,煤礦檢修停產或減量生產,開工率持續下降,保供壓力加大,進口煤補充存在不確定性,導致浙江、湖南等地電力供應出現不足。海運市場行情大幅上漲,沿海散貨運價高位波動,船舶拍賣市場行情較上月進一步回升。本月中國船舶拍賣市場累計拍賣94艘次,成交54艘次,成交率57.4%,起拍價累計約31038萬人民幣,成交額累計26797萬人民幣,各項拍賣數據較上月顯著提升。

        一、沿海運價大幅提振,船舶拍賣市場熱情上漲

        寒潮席卷全國,氣溫明顯下降,煤炭等大宗貨物需求明顯提升,下游采購熱情上漲,一度出現運力緊張局面,沿海散貨運輸市場運價大漲。根據拍船網(www.shipbid.net)統計數據[1],12月,中國船舶拍賣市場累計拍賣94艘次,環比增加25艘次,同比增加53艘次。其中,干散貨類船舶拍賣34艘次,環比增加15艘次,液貨類船舶拍賣5艘次,環比增加2艘次。成交率方面,本月累計成交54艘次,環比增加21艘次,成交率為57.4%,成交率環比有所提升。

        拍賣金額環比繼續增長。12月,中國船舶拍賣市場起拍價累計約31038萬人民幣,環比增加8336萬人民幣,同比減少9170萬人民幣;成交額累計26797萬人民幣,環比增加7117萬人民幣,同比減少2263萬人民幣。

        1 中國船舶拍賣市場拍賣艘次情況

        2 中國船舶拍賣市場拍賣金額情況

        二、海上基建提速,工程類船舶需求火熱

        各地大力推進港口建設,浙江省加快海洋經濟和港口經濟“一體化、協同化”發展的重大決策部署,邁向世界級港口集群,粵港澳大灣區建設提速,廣深珠三大港口基地建設如火如荼,工程類船舶需求火爆,挖泥船、拖輪等船舶拍賣溢價率較高?!案叟d拖201”“舟港拖3”兩艘拖輪拍賣溢價率分別達368.8%444.4%,“深浚18”挖泥船拍賣溢價率達99.1%。

        司法拍賣方面,本月拍賣船舶80艘次,成交42艘次,成交率52.5%,起拍價總額30684萬元,成交總額25654萬元,受工程船行情帶動,較上月成交情況明顯改善;商業拍賣方面,本月拍賣船舶14艘次,成交12艘次,成交率85.7%,起拍價總額393萬元,成交總額1159萬元,商拍成交率高位波動,成交情況較好。

        重點船舶拍賣情況,干散貨船舶方面,“SAM LION5.8萬載重噸散貨船以6783.6萬元成交,溢價率19.7%。油運船舶方面,“神州35295631載重噸內河油船以1508萬元成交,“光匯3284261載重噸無限航區油船以3900萬元成交。其他船型方面,工程類船舶成交17艘次,成交量遠超上月,客滾類船舶成交8艘次,漁業用船成交2艘次。


         

        「拍賣成交船舶案例」

        干散貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        SAM LION

        無限

        57539.8

        2012

        韓國

        5665.6

        6783.6

        44

        液貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        神州3529

        內河

        5631

        2014

        重慶

        1128

        1508

        20

        2

        光匯328

        無限

        4261

        2016

        山東

        3900

        3900

        1

        工程類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重量

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        成交價

        萬元

        出價次數

        1

        舟港拖3

        遮蔽

        -

        1980

        日本

        86.94

        473.34

        131

        2

        港興拖201

        遮蔽

        -

        1974

        日本

        90.72

        425.32

        160

        「拍賣船舶預告」

        干散類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        湘岳陽貨1886

        內河

        4847

        2006

        湖南

        700

        液貨類船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        海之星998

        近海

        10800

        2013

        浙江

        3482.2

        集裝箱及多用途船舶

        序號

        船名

        航區

        載重噸

        建造年份

        造船廠

        起拍價

        萬元

        1

        金富星11

        近海

        7864

        2004

        浙江

        1350

         

         



        [1] 數據來源于各大拍賣平臺、產權交易所公開競價平臺、船舶交易所公開競價平臺等,或有少量現場拍賣因公開程度有限可能未納入統計


        Monthly Analysis of Ship Auction Market in China

        December 2020

        In December, the Spring Festival is approaching, and some infrastructure projects are in the sprint stage. Industrial electricity consumption has increased, coupled with the increased residential electricity consumption for sudden drop of temperature in the southeast area, made the domestic coal supply tight. In addition, domestic coal mine have stopped or reduced production for technical inspections, with the operating rate continued to decline, the pressure of ensuring coal supply has increased. What’s more, there is uncertainty in the replenishment of imported coal. All these factors have led to the shortage of power supply in Zhejiang, Hunan and other provinces. Recently, the shipping market has risen sharply, freight rate of coastal bulk cargo have fluctuated at a high level, and the ship auction market has rebounded further from last month. This month, the ship auction market in China has seen a total of 94 auctions and 54 transactions, with a transaction rate of 57.4%. The total starting price is about 310.38m, while the total transaction price is 267.97m, with all data increased significantly from the previous month.

        The coastal freight rate boosts greatly, while the enthusiasm of the ship auction market rises.

        The nationwide cold spell leads to a sharply drop in temperature which made a significant increase in the demand for coal and other bulk goods. The enthusiasm for downstream good purchase rises which results in shortage of transport capacity and boost of freight rate of the coastal bulk cargo. According to data from www.shipbid.net1, the total ship auctions of December are 94, which increase 25 MOM and 53 YOY. Among them, the bulk carrier auctions are 34, which increase 15 MOM. The chemical & tanker auctions are 5, which increase 2 MOM. In terms of transaction, there are 54 ships traded, which increase 21 MOM, with transaction rate of 57.4%, increasing slightly MOM.

        In December, the price of auction continues to increase from last month. The total starting price is approximately 310.38m, which increases 83.36m MOM but decreases 91.70m YOY. The total transaction price is 267.97m, which increases 71.17m MOM but decreases 22.63m YOY.

        Chart1 Total of Ship Auctions in China

        Chart2 Total Price of Ship Auction in China

        The speed of offshore infrastructure is accelerated, and the demand for engineering ships is high.

        The port construction has promoted in all parts of country. Zhejiang Province accelerates the major decisions and arrangements of “integration and coordination” of marine economy and port economy to build a world-class port cluster; the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area accelerated; the construction of the three major port bases in Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Zhuhai is in full swing. Affected by the above projects, the demand for engineering ships is booming, and the auction premium rate for dredgers and tugs is relatively high recently. The premium rate of the two tugs “GANG XING TUO 201” and “ZHOU GANG TUO 3” are 368.8% and 444.4% respectively, and which of the dredger “SHENJUN 18” reaches 99.1%.

        In terms of judicial auction, there are 80 ships auctioned in December, of which 42 ships are sold, with the transaction rate of 52.5%. The total starting price is 306.84m, and the total transaction price is 256.54m, which improves significantly compared with last month driven by the engineering ship market. In terms of commercial auctions, there are 14 ships auctioned, of which 12 ships are sold, with the transaction rate of 85.7%. The total starting price is 3.93m, the total transaction price is 11.59m. The commercial auction transactions are good with transaction rate fluctuating at a high level.

        Followed are some specific auctions. In terms of bulk carriers, the 58,000DWT bulk carrier “SAM LION” is sold at 67.836m, with premium rate of 19.7%. In terms of tankers, the 5,631DWT inland river oil tanker “SHENZHOU 3529” is sold at 15.08m. The 4,261DWT oil tanker "GUANGHUI 328" with unrestricted navigation is sold at 39.00m. In terms of other ships, there are 17 engineering ships traded which is far higher than last month. There are 8 passenger ships and 2 fishing ships traded in December.

         


         

        Samples of Ship Auctions

        Bulk Carriers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        SAM LION

        Unrestricted navigation

        57539.8

        2012

        Korea

        56.66M

        67.84M

        44

        Chemicals & Tankers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        SHENZHOU 3529

        Inland river

        5631

        2014

        ChongQing

        11.28M

        15.08M

        20

        2

        GUANGHUI 328

        Unrestricted navigation

        4261

        2016

        ShanDong

        39M

        39M

        1

        Engineering Ships

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        Transaction Price

        Bids

        1

        ZHOUGANGTUO 3

        Sheltered navigation

        -

        1980

        Japan

        0.87M

        4.73M

        131

        2

        GANGXINGTUO 201

        Sheltered navigation

        -

        1974

        Japan

        0.91M

        4.25M

        160

        Preview of Ship Auctions

        Bulk Carriers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        XIANGYUEYANGHUO 1886

        Inland river

        4847

        2006

        HuNan

        7M

        Chemicals & Tankers

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        HAIZHIXING 998

        Coastal

        10800

        2013

        ZheJiang

        34.82M

        Container & Multi-purpose Vessel

        NO.

        Ship Name

        Sailing Area

        DWT

        Year Built

        Shipyard

        Starting Price

        1

        JINFUXING 11

        Coastal

        7864

        2004

        ZheJiang

        13.5M

         

         

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